Research

Textbooks

Prentice, W.E. Therapeutic Modalities in Rehabilitation, 4th Ed., New York, McGraw-Hill, 2011.
pgs 568-569

Prentice, W.E. Principles of Athletic Training: A Competency Based Approach, 14th Ed.,
New York, McGraw-Hill, 2011.pg 435

Prentice, W.E. Rehabilitation Techniques in Sports Medicine and Athletic Training, 5th Ed.,
New York, McGraw-Hill, 2011. pg 191

Prentice WE. Principles of Athletic Training: A Competency-based Approach, 14th Ed.
McGraw-Hill; 2011.

Prentice WE. Rehabilitation Techniques in Sports Medicine and Athletic Training, 5th Ed.
McGraw-Hill; 2011.

Prentice, W.E. Therapeutic Modalities in Sports Medicine and Athletic Training, 6th Ed.,
San Francisco, McGraw-Hill, 2009. pgs368-369

Hammer WI.
Functional Soft Tissue Examination and Treatment by Manual Methods. Jones & Bartlett; 2007.

Hyde TE. Conservative Management of Sports Injuries. Jones & Bartlett; 2007.

Perle SM. Soft Tissue Manual Techniques. In: Haldeman S, editor. Principles and Practice of
Chiropractic, 3rd Ed. New York: McGraw Hill; 2004. p. 805-20.

 

Articles

Hutsick M. Triple trouble. Training & Conditioning. 2011 Apr; 21(3).

Heller M. Soft (and not-so-soft)-tissue overview. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2011 Apr 9: 20-29.


Q & A with Jeanne O’Brien. Training & Conditioning. 2011 Mar; 21(2).

Cusumano E. Back on track. Training & Conditioning. 2011 Mar; 21(2).

2016

Chughtai M, Mont MA, Cherian BS, et al. A novel, nonoperative treatment demonstrates success for stiff total knee arthroplasty after failure of conventional therapy. J Knee Surg, 2016; doi: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1055/s-0035-1569482.

Davies CC, Brockopp D, Moe K. Astym therapy improves function and range of motion following mastectomy. Breast Canter: Targets and Therapy, 2016; 8: 39-45.

2015

Imai K, Ikoma K, et al. Biomechanical and histological effects of augmented soft tissue mobilization therapy on achilles tendinopathy in a rabbit model. JMPT. 2015; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2014.12.003

Kivlan BR, Carcia CR, Clemente FR, Phelps AL, Martin RL. The effect of astym therapy on muscle strength: a blinded, randomized, clinically controlled trial. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 2015; 16:325

Marcovic G. Acute effects of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization vs. foam rolling on knee and hip range of motion in soccer players. J Body Movement Ther. 2015 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.04.010

Sevier TL & Stegink-Jansen CW. Astym treatment vs eccentric exercise for lateral elbow tendinopathy: a randomized controlled clinical trial. PeerJ. 2015; 3:e967.

2014

Garrett TR, Neibert PJ. Effect of Graston Technique as a treatment for patients with chronic plantar fasciosis: a randomized controlled trial. JAT, 2014 49(3), S57-58.

Laudner K, Compton BD, et al. Acute effects of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization for improving posterior shoulder range of motion in collegiate baseball players. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2014; 9 (1): 1-7.

Lee JJ, Lee JJ, et al. Inhibitory effects of instrument-assisted neuromobilization on hyperactive gastrocnemius in a hemiparetic stroke patient. Bio-Med Mater Eng. 2014; 24: 2389-2394.

Portillo-Soto A, Eberman LE, et al. Comparison of blood flow changes with soft tissue mobilization and massage therapy. J Alt Comp Med. 2014; 20 (12): 932-936.

Vardiman JP, Siedlik J, et al. Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization: effects on the properties on human plantar flexors. Int J Sports Med. 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-138543.

2013

2012

Daniels CJ, Morrell AP. Chiropractic management of pediatric plantar fasciitis: a case report. J Chiro Med. 2012; 11: 58-63.

Heyer K, Docherty C, Donahue M, Schrader JW. Effect of implement assisted soft tissue mobilization techniques on iliotibial band tightness. JAT, 2012; 47(3): S128.

McCormack JR. The management of bilateral high hamstring tendinopathy with ASTYM treatment and eccentric exercise: a case report. J Manual Mani Ther. 2012; 20 (3): 142-146.

McCormack JR.  The management of mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy with ASTYM and eccentric exercise: a case report.  Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2012;7(6):672-7.

Papa JA. Two cases of work-related lateral epicondylopathy treated with Graston Technique and conservative rehabilitation. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2012; 56 (3): 192-200.

Papa JA. Conservative management of De Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis: a case report. JCCA. 2012; 56(2): 112-120.

Schaefer JL, Sandrey MA. Effects of a 4-week dynamic-balance-training program supplemented with Graston instrument-assisted soft-tissue mobilization for chronic ankle instability. J Sport Rehab. 2012; 21: 313-26…

Vardiman JP, Horinek RJ, McCartney MK, Graham ZA, Moodie NJ, Gallagher PM. The ability of instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization to attenuate inflammation and symptoms of muscle damage after an eccentric exercise protocol. JAT, 2012; 47(3), S142.

White KE. High hamstring tendinopathy in 3 female long distance runners. J Chiro Med.  2012; 10(2): 93-99.

2011

Bayliss AJ, Klene FJ, Gundeck EL, Loghmani MT.  Treatment of a patient with post-natal chronic calf pain utilizing instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization: a case study.  J Manual Manipulative Ther. 2011;19(3):127-34.

Blanchette MA, Normand MC. Augmented soft tissue mobilization vs natural history in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis: a pilot study. J Mani Physiol Therapeutics. 2011; 34 (2): 123-130.

Davies CC, Brockopp DY. Use of ASTYM® treatment on scar tissue following surgical treatment for breast cancer: a pilot study. Rehabilitation Oncology. 2010 Jul; 28(3): 3-12.

Looney B, Srokose T, Fernandez-de-las-Penas C, Cleland J.  Graston instrument soft tissue mobilization and home stretching for the management of plantar heel pain: a case series.  J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2011;34:138-142.

Miners AL, Bougie TL. Chronic achilles tendinopathy: a case study of treatment incorporating active and passive tissue warm-up, Graston Technique, ART, eccentric exercise, and cryotherapy. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2011; 55 (4): 269-278.

Slaven EJ, Mathers J. Management of chronic ankle pain using mobilization and ASTYM treatment: a case report.  J Manual Manipulative Ther. 2011;19(2):108-12.

2010

Page P, Labbe A. Adhesive capsulitis: use the evidence to integrate your interventions. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2010 Dec; 5(4): 266-272.

Kline, C. Soft-tissue injuries: better, faster healing. JACA. 2010 Nov; 47(8): 16-17

Forcum T, Hyde T, Aspegren D, Lawson G. Plantar fasciitis and heel pain syndrome. JACA Online. 2010 Oct.

Kline C. Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization [part III]: when to start and what’s on the horizon? JACA Online. 2010 Oct.

Mishock J. A treatment option for carpal tunnel syndrome. The Mercury. 2010 Oct 25.

Schultz L. Save your shoulder: part 1. examiner.com. 2010 Oct 17.

Kline C. Soft-tissue healing, part II: what does Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization bring to the table? JACA Online. 2010 Aug-Sep.

Kline C. Instrument-Assisted Soft-Tissue Mobilization (IASTM) part I: chiropractic help or
hindrance? JACA Online. 2010 Jul.

Hooper J. Hands-on healing: why women are turning to manual therapy. Elle. 2010 Jun.

Davies CC, Brockopp DY. Use of ASTYM® treatment on scar tissue following surgical treatment for breast cancer: a pilot study. Rehabilitation Oncology. 2010 Jul; 28(3): 3-12.

McCrea EC, George SZ. Outcomes following augmented soft tissue mobilization for patients with knee pain: A case series. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice. 2010 Apr; 22(2): 69-74.

Dunleavy R. Josh Pressley, Matt Hagen spent offseason recovering from injuries. myCentralJersey.com. 2010 Apr 28.

Price, C. The complete guide to your back. Men’s Journal. 2010 Apr; 19(3): 57.

McFadden M. Healing touch helps breast cancer survivors. wndu.com. 2010 Jan 7.

2009


Norwalk chiropractor Hammer speaks at conference. Wilton Villager. 2009 Dec 20.

Lukacs C. Survivor support: DC brings range of motion to breast cancer survivors. ACA News. 2009 Nov.

Hammer W. Movement heals. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2009 Sep; 27(19).

Howitt S, Jung S, Hammonds N. Conservative treatment of tibialis posterior strain in a novice triathlete: a case report. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2009; 53(1).

Bosak C. Improving range of motion in breast cancer survivors. The Hour. 2009 Jul 16.

Fascia and scarring. wsoctv.com. 2009 May 1.

Hammer W. Manual loading for lateral epicondylopathy. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2009 Apr 22; 27(9).

Kelly A. Tough massage with results. kfrtv.com. 2009 Jan 29.

Stromberg C. Chiropractic treatment indispensable for soft tissue injuries. Wilmington News
Journal. 2009 Jan 15.

2008

Shedden M. This massage method produces results. Tampa Bay Online. 2008 Nov 25.

Lui, J. Instruments of change. Experience Life. 2008 Oct.

2007

Ploski, M. MCL injury massage. BioMechanics. 2007 Oct.

Ploski, M. Plantar fasciitis treatment. BioMechanics. 2007 Aug.

2006

DeLuccio, J. Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization utilizing Graston Technique: a physical therapist’s perspective. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice. 2006; 18(3).

Matthews S. Graston Technique helps athletes get back into the game. indychannel.com. 2006 Oct 25.

2005

Soft tissue mobilization with instruments makes solid biz sense, practice owners find. Article: Impact Magazine. 2005 Sep.

Adding income with instruments. Chiropractic Economics. 2005 Sep;14.

Basset J, Nickenig T, Olsen D. Top 5 injuries. Advanced for Directors in Rehabilitation. 2005; 14(5): 37-46.

(The) Benefits of IASTM. Article: The American Chiropractor. 2005 Jul.

Championship chiropractic. Article: Dynamic Chiropractic. 2005 Jun.

Smith S. Faster, better, easier soft-tissue mobilization. Exploring Hand Therapy. 2005 Apr; 5(1): 1,3,4,9,13,18.

Exercise balls, home gym equipment and the Graston Technique. spine-health.com. 2005 Apr 4.

Smith S. A growing trend in hand therapy: instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization helps
therapists work smarter, not harder. Physical Therapy Products [feature cover article]. 2005 Apr/May.

A hand for the hand: IASTM helps therapists work smarter, not harder. Physical Therapy Products. 2005 Apr/May.

Hammer WI, Pfefer, MT. Treatment of a case of subacute lumbar compartment syndrome using the Graston Technique. JMPT. 2005 Mar/Apr; 28(3): 199-204.

Anderson RJ. Pitching in Stitches. Training & Conditioning. 2005; 15(3): 15-23.

2004

Duffy M, Greenapple S. Graston Technique: the (non-)cutting edge of treatment. Carolina
SportsLink Magazine. 2004 May; 18.

Boughton B. Wristoration: alleviating the pain of carpal tunnel syndrome. BioMechanics. 2004; 11(1): 20-27.

Hammer WI. Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization: a scientific and clinical perspective. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2004 May 24; 22(11): 28, 47.

Perle SM., Lawson G. Stimulating healing by initiating inflammatory response. Canadian
Chiropractor. 2004 Apr; 9(2): 10-13.

2003

Hyde TE. Graston Technique for athletic injuries. D.C. Tracts. 2003 Fall; 15(3): 2-4.

Hyde TE. The Graston Technique: a new manual therapy for back pain. spine-health.com, posted: 2003 Aug 5.

10 more great techniques. The American Chiropractor [feature cover article]. 2003 Aug.

Martinez R. Graston instrument assisted soft tissue mobilization. Integrative Medicine. 2003 Jun/Jul; 2(3): 18-23.

Wilczewski K. Changing the treatment of soft tissue injuries. The American Chiropractor: 2003 Jan.

Wilson, JK, Sevier TL. A review of treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. Disability and
Rehabilitation. 2003; 25(3): 113-119.

Perle SM. The leading edge. Training & Conditioning. 2003 Oct; XIII(7): 27-31.


Chiropractic soft tissue expertise: boon to patients. Focus Article: JACA. 2003 Sep.

Hammer WI. Joint preservation is necessary for hands-on chiropractic. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2003 Nov 30; 21(25).

Hammer WI. Applying the Graston Technique: an update. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2003 Jan 1; 21(1).

2002

Hammer WI. The pathology & healing of tendinosis. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2002 Apr 22; 20(9).


No tunnel of love: carpal tunnel syndrome. Focus Article: JACA. 2002 Jul; 39(7): 8-16.

Wilczewski K. The Graston Technique: changing the treatment of soft tissue injuries. The American Chiropractor. 2002; 25(6).

Fedorczyk JA. Therapist’s management of elbow tendonitis. In: Mackin EJ, Callahan AD, Skirven TM, Schneider LH, Osterman AL, Hunter JM, eds. Rehabilitation of the Hand and Upper Extremity. St. Louis: Mosby. (DDD) 2002; 1271-1281.

Hammer WI. Rotator cuff tendinosis. D.C. Tracts. 2002 Spr;14(1): 3-6.

Kleinkort JA.
Pain management special interest group: president’s message. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice. 2002;14(4):44.


The chiropractic take on tendonitis. Focus Article: JACA. 2002 Mar; 39(3): 8-15.

Snodgrass SJ, Rivett DA. Thumb pain in physiotherapists: potential risk factors and proposed prevention strategies. The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. 2002; 10(4): 206-217.

Hammer WI. Anatomic predisposition to carpal tunnel syndrome. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2002 Jan 28; 20(3).

2001

Hammer WI. Weak abdominals – tight lumbodorsal fascia. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2001 Nov 19; 19(24).

Hammer WI. Graston Technique: a necessary piece of the puzzle. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2001 Sep 24; 19(20).

Hammer WI. Knee stiffness in a young athlete after activity. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2001 Jul 30; 19(16).

Falvey M. The promise of tissue remodeling. Dynamic Chiropractic. 2001 Mar; 26: 8-9.

Kipp D, Wilson JK. Carpal tunnel syndrome: a critical review. Critical Reviews in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Medicine. 2001; 13(1): 67-77.

2000

Kleinkort JA. A new approach to chronic pain. Orthopaedic Physical Therapy Practice. 2000; 12(1): 44-46.

Roush MB, Sevier TL, Wilson JK, Helfst RH, Gehlsen GM, Bassey AL. Anterior knee pain: a clinical comparison of rehabilitation. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 2000; 10(1): 22-28.

Sevier TL, Helfst RH, Stover SA, Wilson JK. Clinical trends on tendinitis. WORK: A Journal of
Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation. 2000; 14(2): 123-126.

Sevier TL, Helfst RH, Stover SA, Wilson JK.
Tendinitis: a critical review. Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 2000 Sum.

Sevier TL, Wilson JK. The industrial athlete. WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and
Rehabilitation. 2000 Fall.

Sevier TL. Industrial athlete. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2000; 57(4): 285.

Wilson JK, Sevier TL. Common treatment modalities utilized in treating lateral epicondylitis.
Physical Therapy Reviews. 2000 Sum.

Wilson JK, Sevier TL, Helfst RH, Honing EW, Gehlsen GM, Thomann AL. Comparison of
rehabilitation methods in the treatment of patellar tendinitis. Journal of Sports Rehabilitation. 2000; 9(4): 304-314.

Wilson JK, Sevier TL. Methods utilized in treating lateral epicondylitis. Physical Therapy Reviews. 2000; 5: 117-124.

Henry P, Panawitz B, Wilson JK. Rehabilitation of a post-surgical patella fracture: a case study. Physiotherapy. 2000; 86(3): 139­-142.

Falvey M. Repetitive stress injuries: fighting back with the Graston Technique. Claims Magazine. 2000 Apr; 4(5): 38-46.

Fowler S, Wilson JK, Sevier TL. Innovative approach for the treatment of cumulative trauma
disorders. WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation. 2000; 9(4): 304-314.

1999

Haller KH, Helfst RH, Wilson JK, Sevier TL. Treatment of chronic elbow pain. Physical Therapy Case Reports. 1999; 2(5): 195-200.

Henry P, Panawitz B, Wilson JK. Treatment of a bilateral total knee replacement using augmented soft tissue mobilization. Physical Therapy Case Reports. 1999; 2(1): 27-30.

Helfst RH. Why thirst hurts. Safety + Health. 1999; 160(2): 58-59.

Baker D, Wilson JK. Bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome in a piano teacher. Physical Therapy Case Reports. 1999; 2(2): 73-76.

Fowler S. Responding to managed care. Occupational Health & Safety. 1999; 68(10): 212-215.

Thomann A. Entering the world of outcome collection. OT Practice. 1999; 4(8): 45-47.

Thomann A, Sevier TL, Wilson JK. Treating soft tissue fibrosis: a new rehabilitation technique for the treatment of various soft tissue injuries. Physical Therapy Products. 1999; 10(5): 56-58.

Sevier TL, Wilson JK. Treating lateral epicondylitis. Sports Medicine. 1999; 28(5): 375-380.

Stover SA. Know your enemy. Not all cases of cumulative trauma disorders are alike. Safety + Health. 1999; 159(6): 86-87.

1998

Stover SA. Suggestions for slaying the two-headed CTD beast. Occupational Medicine Clinical Care Update. 1998; 5(10).

Focht D. Augmented soft tissue mobilization: a new frontier in treating soft tissue conditions. OT Practice. 1998; 3(9): 49-50.

Melham TJ, Sevier TL, Malnofski MJ, Wilson JK, Helfst RH. Chronic ankle pain and fibrosis
successfully treated with a new non­-invasive augmented soft tissue mobilization (ASTM): a case report. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1998; 30(6): 801­-804.

O’Connor SM. New soft tissue mobilization process claims success in decreasing scar tissue and repetitive motion symptoms. Work Injury Management News and Digest. 1998; 7(1): 3.

Sevier TL. Using sports medicine to treat industrial athletes. Occupational Medicine Clinical Care Update. 1998;5(7).

Pearson D, Gehlsen GM, Wilson JK, Lee G, Sevier TL. An objective measure of lateral epicondylitis. Isokinetic and Exercise Science. 1998; 7: 27-31.

1997

Sevier TL, Wilson JK, Stover SA, Helfst RH. Therapeutic tools in CTS rehab. CTD News. 1997; 6(10): 11, 7.

 

Research

Loghmani MT (PT, PhD, MTC); Warden SJ (PhD). Instrument-assisted cross fiber massage alters regional microvascular morphology in healing knee ligaments suggesting possible angiogenesis. APTA Combined Sections Meeting [platform presentation]. New Orleans (LA). 2011 Feb.

Looney B, Srokose T, Fernández-de-las-Peñas, Cleland J. Graston instrument soft tissue mobilization and home stretching for the management of plantar heel pain: a case series. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (JMPT). 2011 Feb; 138-142.

Bayliss AJ, Klene FK, Gundeck EL, Loghmani MT. Treatment of a patient with post-natal chronic calf pain utilizing instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization. APTA CSM [platform presentation]. 2010.

Loghmani MT. Instrument-assisted cross-fiber massage improves blood flow in healing knee ligaments suggesting enhanced angiogenesis. APTA CSM [orthopedic section platform presentation]. 2010.

Brantingham JW, Globe G, Jensen M, Cassa TK, Globe D, Price J, Mayer SN, Lee F. A feasibility study comparing two chiropractic protocols in the treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome. JMPT. Sep 2009; 32(7): 536-548.

Loghmani MT, Warden SJ. Instrument-assisted cross-fiber massage accelerates knee ligament healing. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (JOSPT). 2009 Jul; 39(7): 506-514.

Loghmani MT, Kiesel J, Lassiter J, Taylor L, Beaman M, Grogg J, Streeter H, Warden SJ. Long-term effects of instrument-assisted cross-fiber massage on healing medial collateral ligaments. JOSPT. 2007 Jan; 37(1): A18.

Hayes D, Loghmani MT, Lubitz R, Moore E. A comparison of two instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization techniques: effects on therapist discomfort/fatigue and treatment time. JOSPT. 2007 Jan; 37(1): A17.

Burke J, Buchberger DJ, Carey-Loghmani MT, Dougherty PE, Greco DS, Dishman JD. A pilot study comparing two manual therapy interventions for carpal tunnel syndrome. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (JMPT). 2007 Jan; 30(1): 50-61.

Hammer WI, Pfefer, MT. Treatment of a case of subacute lumbar compartment syndrome using the Graston Technique. JMPT. 2005 Mar/Apr; 28(3): 199-204.

Gehlsen GM, Ganion LR, Helfst R. Fibroblast response to variation in soft tissue mobilization pressure. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1999 Apr;31(4): 531-535.1

Davidson CJ, Ganion LR, Gehlsen GM, Verhoestra B, Roepke JE, Sevier TL. Rat tendon morphologic and functional changes resulting from soft tissue mobilization. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1997 Mar;29(3): 313-319.1

Hammer W. The use of transverse friction massage in the management of chronic bursitis of the hip and shoulder. JMPT. 1993 Feb;16(2): 107-111.

Davidson CJ, Ganion L, Gehlsen G, Roepke J, Verhoestra B, Sevier TL. Morphologic and functional changes in rat achilles tendon following collagenase injury and GASTM. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1995; 27(5) [presented, not published].

Sevier TL, Gehlsen GM, Wilson JK, Stover SA, and Helfst RH. Traditional physical therapy vs. Graston Technique Augmented Soft Tissue Mobilization in treatment of lateral epicondylitis Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1995; 27 (5) [presented, not published].